In the 1850 US Federal Census for LaFayette, Crawford, Arkansas, 49-year-old Kentucky-born farmer Richard McCaslin has no real estate of value. He and his 37-year-old Kentucky-born wife Matilda [sic] have in their household their Arkansas-born children 13-year-old William, 11-year-old Robert, 9-year-old Mary, 7-year-old Spicy [transcribed as Nancy], 4-year-old Elizabeth, and 2-year-old Richard. Also living in this household is David Harrow, a 27-year-old Arkansas-born blacksmith. In the 1870 US Federal Census for Cedar Creek, Crawford, Arkansas, 21-year-old Arkansas-born farm laborer Rich [sic] McCaslin owns $100 worth of personal property, but no land of value. He and his 24-year-old Kentucky-born wife Mary [maiden name unknown] McCaslin have in their household 9-year-old Arkansas-born S E McCaslin who cannot be their child. Also in this household is 18-year-old Akansas-born farm laborer, H Bashaw. Richard cannot read or write, while Mary can read but not write. Richard is recorded as a male citizen of US of 21 years and upwards. Richard apparently married a second Mary in about 1878 as his first wife was born in 1846 in Kentucky, and his second, Mary Toon, was born either 1849 or 1856 in Arkansas. In the 1880 US Federal Census for Upper, Crawford, Arkansas, 30-year-old Arkansas-born farm laborer Richard and his 24-year-old Arkansas-born wife Mary [Toon] McCaslin have in their household their Arkansas-born daughters, 5-year-old Lucinda [Mary's daughter by an unknown Poore] and 11-month old Belle. Richard is recorded as being able to read and write, but Mary can only read but not write. Richard's parents were born in Kentucky, Mary's father was born in Kentucky and her mother in Arkansas, and the children's parents were born in Arkansas.