In the 1900 US Federal Census for Upper, Crawford, Arkansas, 32-year-old Arkansas-born George W and his 21-year-old Arkansas-born wife Mary [Swinford] Bridges have been married six years. Mary has borne three children and all three are living with them. These Arkansas-born children are 3-year-old Edward, 2-year-old Lilly and 7-month old Adaline. Also in this household is Mary's Arkansas-born widowed mother, Leah [sic Letha] [Nordin McCaslin] Swinford, who has born three children and two are living [sic Letha has borne four children]. George is a farmer who owns his farm free of mortgage and has not had a month out of work in the past year. All the adults can speak English. George can read and write, Mary can read, but not write, and Letha is illiterate.