In the 1870 US Federal Census for Montgomery, Jennings, Indiana, 50-year-old Kentucky-born farmer Thomas Rhoads owns $400 of personal property but has no real estate. His mother 77-year-old Agnes [Wykoff] Rhoads, who is keeping house for him, owns $500 worth of real estate, but has no person property of value. Living next door is Agnes' youngest son, 46-year-old Samuel H Rhodes, who owns $00 worth of real estate and $300 worth of personal property. Samuel and his 43-year-old Indiana-born wife Verlinda [Phillips] have in their household their Indian-born children, 17-year-old Rachel, 15-year-old Anna, 7-year-old Thomas and 5-year-old Lucinda. All of the children have attended school in the past year. Thomas and Samuel are male citizens older than 21 years.